Table 4.

Review of literature comparing previous studies using USG guidance for FV DC insertion

AuthorNature of StudySample Size (ALT/USG)Results (ALT/USG)
Farrell (16)Retrospective16/14Successful cannulation: 100%/100%
Successful first attempt: 56.3%/85.7%
Number of attempts: 1.5 ± 0.6/1.1 ± 0.4
Femoral arterial puncture: 6.3%/0%
Kwon (15)Prospective with historical controls38/28Success rate: 89.5%/100%
Successful first attempt: 55.3%/92.9%
Femoral arterial puncture: 15.8%/7.1%
Hematoma: 2.6%/0%
Success rate: 87%/100%
Zollo (4)Retrospective230/38Femoral arterial puncture: 11.2%/2.6%
Hematoma: 3.9%/0%
Success rate: 80%/98.2%
This studyProspective randomized controlled trial55/55Successful first attempt: 54.5%/85.5%
Number of attempts: 1.5 ± 0.6/1.2 ± 0.4
Femoral arterial puncture: 10.9%/1.8%
Hematoma: 7.2%/3.6%