Table 1.

Characteristics of Patients Treated by INHD and control subjects on CHD as of January 1, 2007

Characteristics at BaselineIn-Center Long-Term Dialysis
INHDaCHD
Patients (n [%])655 (4)15,334 (96)
Age (yr; mean ± SD)51.2 ± 12.762.4 ± 15.0
Male gender (%)69.252.9
Race (%)
    black52.444.6
    white44.149.0
    other3.56.4
Any diabetes (%)42.351.3
Vintage (yr; mean ± SD)4.8 ± 4.53.6 ± 3.7
Body surface area (m2; mean ± SD)2.01 ± 0.341.82 ± 0.28
Cause of ESRD (%)
    diabetes31.041.3
    hypertension36.634.7
    glomerulonephritis16.68.9
    hereditary/cystic3.52.3
    other (includes unknown)12.312.8
Vascular access (%)
    fistula50.841.6
    graft23.725.5
    catheter25.532.7
    unknown0.00.2
  • a Compared with CHD, all significant at P < 0.0001.