Table 1.

Baseline characteristics among groups according to LVEF levels

Entire Cohort≥0.6 (n = 842)0.6 to 0.5 (n = 247)0.5 to 0.4 (n = 107)0.4 to 0.3 (n = 41)<0.3 (n = 17)P
Male66.063.374.160.773.270.60.016
Age (years)62 ± 1459.0 ± 14.159.4 ± 13.459.5 ± 14.263.2 ± 11.268.1 ± 12.30.033
Diabetes45.041.349.452.860.052.90.010
Hypertension71.973.271.680.655.337.50.0008
Dyslipidemia16.516.016.120.420.512.50.76
Smoking24.722.933.813.627.340.00.061
BMI (kg/m2)21.0 ± 3.221.1 ± 3.320.8 ± 3.121.0 ± 2.920.6 ± 2.919.9 ± 2.20.42
Hematocrit29.2 ± 4.429.3 ± 4.529.6 ± 4.529.0 ± 4.528.5 ± 3.329.2 ± 3.70.69
Albumin (g/dl)3.5 ± 0.43.5 ± 0.43.5 ± 0.53.4 ± 0.43.4 ± 0.43.6 ± 0.40.14
Calcium (mg/dl)8.1 ± 0.98.1 ± 0.98.1 ± 0.88.0 ± 0.98.1 ± 1.07.8 ± 0.60.62
Phosphate (mg/dl)5.1 ± 1.45.0 ± 1.35.2 ± 1.65.3 ± 1.84.9 ± 1.24.7 ± 1.00.18
CRP (mg/l)10.5 ± 23.89.1 ± 22.511.7 ± 23.411.2 ± 23.77.3 ± 10.615.7 ± 17.50.39
LVMI (g/m2)259 ± 89246 ± 83280 ± 89286 ± 103317 ± 108287 ± 76<0.0001
  • LVMI, left ventricular mass index. Values are given as mean ± SD or percentage.