Table 3.

Clinical renal syndromes caused by nephrotoxinsa

Tubulopathies
    Renal Tubular Acidosis/Fanconi Syndrome
    Sodium Wasting
    Potassium Wasting
    Nephrogenic Diabetes Insipidus
Nephrotic Syndrome/Proteinuria
    Glomerular Disease
        Minimal Change Glomerulonephritis
        Focal Segmental Glomerulosclerosis
        Membranous Glomerulonephritis
        Other
    Thrombotic Microangiopathy
        HUS/TTP
Acute Kidney Injury
    Hemodynamic Disturbances
    Parenchymal Kidney Disease
    Collecting System Disease
Chronic Kidney Disease
    Analgesic Nephropathy
    Chronic Tubulointerstitial Nephritis
    Secondary Progression of Toxin-induced Kidney Disease
  • a HUS, hemolytic uremic syndrome; TTP, thrombotic thrombocytopenic purpura.