Table 1.

Characteristics of all Australian PD patients who did and did not experience Pseudomonas peritonitis at any stage during the period 2003 through 2006a

CharacteristicPseudomonas Peritonitis (n = 171)No Pseudomonas Peritonitis (n = 4504)P
Age (yr; mean ± SD)59.3 ± 19.361.6 ± 16.60.080
Women (n [%])73 (43)2053 (46)0.500
Racial origin (n [%])0.001
    white122 (71)3459 (77)
    Aboriginal/Torres Strait Islander23 (13)365 (8)
    Maori/Pacific Islander8 (5)73 (2)
    Asian12 (7)429 (10)
    other6 (4)178 (4)
BMI (kg/m2; mean ± SD)25.9 ± 6.425.4 ± 5.70.400
eGFR at dialysis start (ml/min per 1.73 m2; mean ± SD)7.1 ± 5.07.3 ± 10.50.800
Late referral (n [%])46 (27)1065 (24)0.300
ESRF cause (n [%])0.200
    chronic glomerulonephritis50 (29)1273 (28)
    diabetic nephropathy41 (24)1278 (28)
    renovascular disease18 (11)621 (14)
    polycystic kidneys7 (4)189 (4)
    reflux nephropathy8 (5)189 (4)
    other29 (17)616 (14)
    unknown18 (11)278 (6)
Current smoker (n [%])18 (11)539 (12)0.200
Chronic lung disease (n [%])22 (13)577 (13)1.000
Coronary artery disease (n [%])58 (34)1609 (36)0.600
Peripheral vascular disease (n [%])28 (16)1018 (23)0.800
Cerebrovascular disease (n [%])25 (15)583 (13)0.500
Diabetes (n [%])57 (33)1681 (37)0.300
Peritoneal transport status (n [%])0.800
    high14 (8)457 (10)
    high average64 (37)1647 (37)
    low average37 (22)1041 (23)
    low9 (5)189 (4)
    unknown/not specified47 (27)1170 (26)
Centre size (no. of PD patients; n [%])0.600
    small (≤10)2 (1)53 (1)
    small-medium (11 to 38)15 (9)306 (7)
    medium-large (39 to 98)32 (19)996 (22)
    large (≥99)122 (71)3149 (70)
State<0.001
    New South Wales77 (45)1755 (39)
    Northern Territory8 (5)77 (2)
    Queensland37 (22)918 (20)
    South Australia13 (8)282 (6)
    Tasmania1 (1)76 (2)
    Victoria14 (8)946 (21)
    Western Australia21 (12)450 (10)
  • a BMI, body mass index; eGFR, estimated GFR; ESRF, end-stage renal failure; PD, peritoneal dialysis.