Table 3.

National mass school urinary screening programs

Year institutedCountryFrequency of screeningSpecimenFollow-up studies
1974JapanBiannual: 1974 to 1979 Annual: 1979 to presentDipstick test on midstream first morning urineRepeat urinalysis in all patients with initial positive test. Two positive tests were defined as proteinuria.
1990TaiwanBiannual: 1990 to presentDipstick test on first morning urineRepeat urinalysis 10 to 15 days after positive initial test, (BP also measured in all students)
1998KoreaAnnual: 1998 to presentDipstick test on first morning urineRepeat urinalysis if initial test positive. Urine specimen examined by microscopy if both tests positive.