Table 3.

Major bleeding complications after 1116 percutaneous ultrasound-guided kidney biopsy, by HIV-infection status

Bleeding ComplicationaHIV Positive(n = 243)HIV Negative(n = 873)
Transfusion415
Angiography04
Transfusion and angiography11
Hemodynamic instability alone01
Transfusion and hemodynamic instability30
Hemodynamic instability that required angiography02
Total8 (3.3%)23 (2.6%)
  • a No biopsy-related deaths.