Table 1.

Clinical characteristics of patients with diabetes

CharacteristicMenWomen
n416367
Age (yr; mean ± SD)63.6 ± 11.1a65.2 ± 12.0
Age at onset (yr; mean ± SD)49.7 ± 12.3a52.0 ± 13.6
Duration of diabetes (yr; mean ± SD)13.9 ± 11.513.2 ± 9.8
BMI (kg/m2; mean ± SD)23.3 ± 3.523.1 ± 3.8
HbA1c (%; mean ± SD)7.2 ± 1.2b7.4 ± 1.3
SBP (mmHg; mean ± SD)135 ± 16b131 ± 18
DBP (mmHg; mean ± SD)77 ± 10c71 ± 11
Total cholesterol (mmol/L; mean ± SD)4.97 ± 0.835.28 ± 0.86
Triglyceride (mmol/L; mean ± SD)1.53 ± 1.011.46 ± 1.03
HDL cholesterol (mmol/L; mean ± SD)1.32 ± 0.36c1.55 ± 0.41
Smoking (none/past/current)89/192/135c276/41/50
Retinopathy (NDR/SDR/PDR)286/59/71239/59/69
Nephropathy (normo-/micro-/macroalbuminuria)230/130/56207/123/37
Cardiovascular disease (−/+)339/77a322/45
Current treatment (diet/OHA/insulin)52/268/9631/226/110
Total leukocyte count (106/L; mean ± SD)6730 ± 18306260 ± 1740
Eosinophil count (106/L; mean ± SD)210 ± 150b180 ± 140
  • BMI, body mass index; DBP, diastolic BP; NDR, no diabetic retinopathy; OHA, oral hypoglycemic agents; PDR, proliferative diabetic retinopathy; SDR, simple diabetic retinopathy.

  • a P < 0.05,

  • b P < 0.01,

  • c P < 0.0001 versus women.