Table 2.

Survival, rates of hospitalization, and location of death

ParameterAll RRTNonemergency Referral RRT Subgroup with ≥14 d of Predialysis Nephrology CareEmergency Referral RRT Subgroup with ≤14 d of Predialysis Nephrology CareHD-Only PatientsMCM
Value%95% CI or P versus MCMValue%95% CI or P versus RRT Emergency ReferralValue%95% CI or P versus MCMValue%95% CI
n including first 90 d1731215211229
n excluding first 90 d1481123626
Survival, mo
    including first 90 d (median)37.80.00341.5<0.00121.733.9<0.00113.9
    excluding first 90 d (median)41.9<0.00143.00.1725.814.8
Rate of hospitalization (days/pt/yr)
    including first 90 d (mean)256.96.8 to 7.0236.26.0 to 6.3308.17.9 to 8.3164.34.0 to 4.7
     excluding first 90 d (mean)246.56.4 to 6.6226.05.9 to 6.2277.47.2 to 7.6154.23.8 to 4.5
For HD-only and MCM patients
    rate of institutionalization, including first 90 d (mean)17347.54.7 to 4.8164.34.0 to 4.7
Location of death, n (%)
    Hospital7070.0<0.054567.2936.0
    Home or in Hospice2121.01420.91040.0
    Unknown99.0811.9624.0
    Total deaths1006725
    OR of dying in hospital4.151.7 to 10.2
    RR for dying in hospital1.941.2 to 3.4
Censored/lost to follow-up (n)116.043.000.0
  • RR, relative risk.