Table 1.

Components of support for junior faculty developing research careers

Support ProgramsFinancial ResourcesEducation and TrainingExternal Funding Resources
Junior grant-writing programs, NIH-sponsored workshopsFaculty research development programsMasters in clinical research for MDs and PhD candidatesCTSA/RCMI programs that provide pilot, protocol and educational support
Mentoring programs: Senior investigators/junior investigator teamsMatching or seed funds from internal university programsKL2 programs for junior facultyLimitation of post-doctoral support
Faculty development programsBridge-funding programsResearch certificate programsPathway to Independence Awards
Multi-institutional funding programs (Coulter Foundation)Implementation of training in research at the undergraduate levelReduction of preliminary data, length of NIH applications, and modification of the review process.