Table 3.

Summary of reported cases of ecstasy-associated hyponatremiaa

AgeGenderSodiumOsmolalitySymptomsInterventionOutcomeReference
SerumUrineSerumUrine
18F120186242568A, CH, F, RRecovered(78)
27F124NA267NAA, CFDeath(60)
26M101NA248NAC, S, PF, NRecovered(51)
17F11510256577A, C, SNRecovered(61)
19F115162253522S, PH, FRecovered(49)
24F113153240639A, C, SRRecovered(56)
20F119145263491A, C, SR, NRecovered(79)
30F1171NA38A, C, SNANA(62)
15F125NANANAA, RA, P, CN, R, FDeath(54)
20F112112238256A, CMannitolRecovered(57)
15F1196256655A, CRRecovered(53)
16F11299242184A, CRRecovered(53)
24F12068258365AHRecovered(50)
23F123NANANAAObservationRecovered(64)
17F130NANANAANARecovered(52)
17F118NA247970A, EConservativeRecovered(52)
23F115246NANACN, glucoseDeath(80)
19F121111242485A, CHRecovered(81)
16FNANANANAANADeath(82)
18FNANANANACA, HTNADeath(82)
18MNANANANAA, HTNADeath(82)
14FNANANANACANADeath(82)
16FNANANANAA, CANADeath(82)
29FNANANANACANADeath(82)
16F123NANANAS, LBP, C, PNADeath(82)
20F119NANANALBP, LT, RDNADeath(82)
20F124NANANAA, CNADeath(82)
19M122NANANAA, CNADeath(82)
19FNANANANACANADeath(83)
19MNANANANAHT, LBP, AKI“Saline”Death(84)
20F117NA245NACAN, H, FDeath(65)
18W130101264335HARRecovered(66)
  • a A, altered mental status; C, cerebral edema; CA, cardiac arrest; E, electrocardiogram abnormalities; F, furosemide; H, hypertonic saline; HA, headache; HT, hyperthermia; LBP, hypotension; LT, hypothermia; N, normal saline; NA, not available; P, pulmonary edema on chest x-ray; R, water restriction; RA, respiratory arrest; RD, respiratory depression; S, seizure.