Table 1.

Characteristics of the Multi-Ethnic Study of Atherosclerosis Participants by gender and by racial/ethnic groupa

CharacteristicMenWomen
White(n = 1247)Chinese(n = 385)Black(n = 836)Hispanic(n = 716)White(n = 1347)Chinese(n = 413)Black(n = 1034)Hispanic(n = 769)
Age63.2 (10.2)63.1 (10.3)62.8 (10.2)61.6 (10.3)63.0 (10.3)62.8 (10.4)62.7 (10.0)61.9 (10.4)
Height (m)1.8 (0.07)1.7 (0.06)e1.8 (0.07)1.7 (0.07)1.6 (0.07)1.6 (0.06)1.6 (0.07)1.6 (0.06)
Weight (kg)87.1 (14.4)68.2 (10.4)e89.5 (16.3)e82.3 (14.0)72.7 (16.1)57.9 (9.3)e82.3 (17.6)e72.7 (14.7)
BMI (kg/m2)28.0 (4.1)24.1 (3.1)e28.8 (4.7)e28.8 (4.3)27.6 (5.8)23.9 (3.4)e31.2 (6.4)e30.0 (5.6)e
% Diabetes10.015.8e22.1e5.6e5.914.8e18.6e19.6e
% Hypertension38.536.057.5e37.837.841.462.1e45.0e
% Smokers11.19.620.0e16.6e12.01.7e15.9e10.8
Creatinine (mg/dl)1.08 (0.18)1.04 (0.21)e1.18 (0.42)e1.03 (0.40)e0.88 (0.20)0.80 (0.15)e0.92 (0.19)e0.82 (0.26)e
Cystatin C (mg/L)0.93 (0.20)0.88 (0.19)e0.91 (0.32)0.92 (0.34)0.89 (0.20)0.83 (0.20)e0.87 (0.21)0.88 (0.23)
eGFRSCrb76.3 (13.8)79.9 (15.5)e86.0 (19.4)e83.0 (17.8)e71.9 (13.5)80.4 (16.2)e82.9 (17.7)e79.6 (17.4)e
eGFRCysCc87.2 (18.8)93.6 (19.6)e91.8 (21.6)e90.1 (20.5)93.3 (21.9)e101.9 (24.5)95.7 (23.5)94.0 (21.5)
eGFRCoCysCd84.9 (18.9)91.1 (19.8)e94.8 (22.8)e88.0 (20.5)e82.7 (20.1)90.3 (22.6)e89.9 (22.7)e83.5 (19.8)
  • a Data are mean (SD) or percentages. BMI, body mass index; eGFR, estimated GFR.

  • b eGFRSCr(ml/min per 1.73 m2 body surface area [BSA]) = 186 × (creatinine)−1.154 × (age)−0.203 × 0.742 (if female) × 1.21 (if black).

  • c eGFRCysC (ml/min per 1.73 m2 BSA) = 76.7 × (cystatin C)−1.19.

  • d eGFRCoCysC (ml/min per 1.73 m2 BSA) = 127.7 × (cystatin C)−1.17 × (age)−0.13 × 0.91 (if female) × 1.06 (if black).

  • e P < 0.008 versus white men (if male) or white women (if female).