Table 4.

Summary of previous studies examining AER in normal children

Age (yr)NLocationMean AER (upper 95% CI)Predictors
7–19281Italy2.3 μg/mina (6.9)None (27)
10–18143Norway4.7 μg/min (15.1)Yes: Tanner stage (female only) (25)
13–18 yr: 5.8 (20.4)
4–16374EnglandMale: 2.77 μg/min per 1.73 m2 (9.9)Yes: age (26)
Female: 2.98 μg/min per 1.73 m2 (10.1)
4–16528England0.98–4.17 ng/min;Yes: age, height, weight,
11–16 yr: 2.1–4.2 ng/minTanner stage (29)
2–181022Spain2.3–3.4 μg/min (4.5–6.4); 10–18 yr: 3.1–3.4 μg/min (6–6.4)Yes: Age, height, weight (28)
8–14690Australia2.3 μg/mina (7.2)Not studied (30)
18–2041United StatesNot stated (7.6)Not studied (31)