Table 5.

Association between measurements of subclinical CVD and incident ARF among community-dwelling elderly adultsa

Risk FactorAdjusted forHR (95% CI)
Low AAIDemographics + baseline creatinine2.43 (1.56 to 3.80)
Demographics + baseline creatinine + traditional risk factors2.18 (1.39 to 3.43)
Common carotid IMT (per SD)bDemographics + baseline creatinine1.35 (1.17 to 1.56)
Demographics + baseline creatinine + traditional risk factors1.29 (1.10 to 1.51)
Internal carotid IMT (per SD)bDemographics + baseline creatinine1.30 (1.13 to 1.49)
Demographics + baseline creatinine + traditional risk factors1.23 (1.06 to 1.43)
Carotid stenosisDemographics + baseline creatinine1.56 (1.12 to 2.18)
Demographics + baseline creatinine + traditional risk factors1.40 (0.99 to 1.98)
  • a Participants without CHD at baseline were included. Demographics: age, gender, and race; traditional risk factors: diabetes, hypertension, current smoking, HDL, and LDL. AAI, ankle-arm index; IMT, intima-media thickness.

  • b Scaled variable = variable/SD of variable.