Table 3.

Association between cardiovascular risk factors and incident ARF among community-dwelling elderly adultsa

Risk FactorAdjusted forHR (95% CI)
DiabetesDemographics + baseline creatinine2.78 (2.08 to 3.71)
Demographics + baseline creatinine + traditional risk factors2.45 (1.79 to 3.35)
HypertensionDemographics + baseline creatinine1.54 (1.16 to 2.05)
Demographics + baseline creatinine + traditional risk factors1.45 (1.08 to 1.94)
Current smokingDemographics + baseline creatinine2.02 (1.40 to 2.91)
Demographics + baseline creatinine + traditional risk factors2.27 (1.56 to 3.31)
HDL (per SD)bDemographics + baseline creatinine0.76 (0.61 to 0.96)
Demographics + baseline creatinine + traditional risk factors0.91 (0.74 to 1.12)
LDL (per SD)bDemographics + baseline creatinine0.96 (0.83 to 1.11)
Demographics + baseline creatinine + traditional risk factors0.97 (0.84 to 1.12)
  • a Demographics: age, gender, and race; traditional risk factors: diabetes, hypertension, current smoking, HDL, LDL, and prevalent CHD.

  • b Scaled variable = variable/SD of variable.