Table 1.

Baseline characteristics of community-dwelling elderly participants who did or did not develop ARFa

VariableARFP
Present (n = 225)Absent (n = 5506)
Age (yr; mean ± SD)75 ± 6.673 ± 5.5<0.01
Female gender (n [%])83 (37)3220 (59)<0.01
Race (n [%])0.65
    white186 (83)4654 (85)
    nonwhite38 (17)816 (15)
Married127 (56)3673 (67)<0.01
Education0.01
    less than high school85 (37)1576 (29)
    high school/vocational69 (31)2011 (37)
    college71 (32)1903 (35)
Hypertension156 (69)3286 (58)0.01
Diabetic70 (31)841 (15)<0.01
CHD at baseline80 (36)1026 (19)<0.01
Current smoking38 (17)643 (12)0.02
Diastolic BP (mmHg)70 ± 1271 ± 110.59
Systolic BP (mmHg)142 ± 23136 ± 22<0.01
HDL (mg/dl)49 ± 1754 ± 16<0.01
LDL (mg/dl)126 ± 38130 ± 360.18
Triglycerides (mg/dl)162 ± 96138 ± 76<0.01
Creatinine1.3 ± 0.41.0 ± 0.3<0.01
Glucose (mg/dl)130 ± 65110 ± 34<0.01
CRP (mg/L)5.0 ± 6.93.6 ± 6.3<0.01
Fibrinogen (mg/dl)341 ± 76323 ± 67<0.01
Albumin (g/dl)4.0 ± 0.34.0 ± 0.30.12
WBC (103/mm)6.9 ± 2.66.3 ± 2.1<0.01
  • a ARF, acute renal failure; CHD, coronary heart disease; CRP, C-reactive protein; WBC, white blood cell.