Table 3.

Significant differences in cytokine ratios between HD patients and control subjects

ParameterHD (n = 134)Controls (n = 150)Pa
n%n%
IL-4/IL-6
    <0.0084332.121.3<0.0001
    0.008 to 0.0394735.12416.0
    ≥0.044432.812482.7
IL-10/IL-6
    <0.0084432.80<0.0001
    0.008 to 0.0384533.642.7
    ≥0.0394533.614697.3
(IL-4+IL-10)/(IL-6+TNF-α)
    <0.0094432.80<0.0001
    0.009 to 0.0474634.31711.3
    ≥0.0484432.813388.7
(IL-4+IL-10)/IL-6
    <0.0184432.80<0.0001
    0.018 to 0.1164634.396.0
    ≥0.1174432.814194.0
(IL-4+IL-6+IL-10)/(IL-2+IFN-γ)
    <0.804432.812382.0<0.0001
    0.80 to 2.214533.61912.7
    ≥2.224533.685.3
  • a Adjusted for age and gender.