Table 2.

Published estimates of hazard for death for PTFE graft and catheter relative to fistulaa

Author, Data, Designb, Sample SizeHR Relative to Fistula (95% CI)
GraftCatheter
Polkinghorne et al. (18), New Zealand, longitudinal, n = 39121.55 (1.15 to 2.07)2.31 (1.60 to 3.32)
Astor et al. (6), CHOICE, longitudinal, n = 6161.2 (0.8 to 1.8)1.5 (1.0 to 2.2)
Pastan et al. (19), southeast US, cross-sectional, n = 7497NA1.4 (1.1 to 1.9)
Xue et al. (20), Medicare elderly claims, longitudinal, n = 66,5951.16 (1.08 to 1.24)1.70 (1.59 to 1.80)
Port et al. (21), DOPPS, longitudinal, n = 17,245 risk from catheter use in facility >28% compared to <7%NA1.23
Dhingra et al. (5), DMMS, longitudinal, n = 5507
    with diabetes1.4 (1.1 to 1.8)1.5 (1.2 to 2.0)
    without diabetes1.1(0.9 to 1.3)1.7(1.4 to 2.1)
  • a CHOICE, Choices for Healthy Outcomes in Caring for ESRD; DMMS, Dialysis Morbidity and Mortality Study; DOPPS, Dialysis Outcomes and Practice Patterns Study; HR, hazard ratio; NA, not applicable; PTFE, polytetrafluoroethylene.

  • b All were observational studies with multivariate adjustments for other risk factors.