Table 1.

Annual per capita Medicare expenditures for first and second year by vascular access modality among patients with vascular access first placed in 1997

Vascular Access ModalityTotala ($)Annual Incremental Cost versus Fistula Averaged over 2 yr and Multivariate Adjusteda ($)Incremental Cost versus Fistula Adjusted and Allocated by Yearb ($)
Year 1Year 2Year 1Year 2+
1997 and 1998 Medicare expenditures
Escalated for medical price inflation to 2003c
  • a Eggers and Milam (14).

  • b Author allocation of Eggers and Milam (14) results.

  • c 27% rise in medical component of urban Consumer Price Index (17).