Table 1.

Patient preferences for ACP in ESRDa

Determine patients’ interest in participation
    determine patients’ perceived benefit of ACP
    determine patients’ sense of personal empowerment
Information giving
    provide more information about prognosis and the disease process
    provide earlier information, especially around the time of initiation of dialysis
    provide information about the impact of treatment on daily life
    use simple (lay) language, and confirm understanding
Role of physicians
    physicians are needed to initiate and help guide ACP
    empathetic listening
    affirm self-worth of patients
Role of patients and family
    identify locus of control and individual preferences for decision making
    most of the ACP discussions will occur within the context of patient–family relationships
  • a ACP, advance care planning.