Table 3.

Published studies on kidney histopathology analysis in coronavirus disease 2019

Histopathological FindingsStudy
Akilesh et al. (19)Bradley et al. (15)Bryce et al. (unpublished observations)Golmai et al. (8)Hanley et al. (24)Kudose et al. (21)Nasr et al. (20)Remmelink et al. (14)Santoriello et al. (11)Sharma et al. (22)Su et al. (9)
CountryUSAUSAUSAUSAUKUSAUSABelgiumUSAUSAChina
SampleBiopsiesAutopsiesAutopsiesBiopsiesAutopsiesBiopsiesBiopsiesAutopsiesAutopsiesBiopsiesAutopsies
N 171425129171317421026
Age, yr54 (34–77)73 (67–77)69 (34–94)75 (57–77)73 (52–79)54 (22–72)5272 (62–77)71 (38–97)66 (60–69)69 (39–87)
Hypertension, %8271637540658559737055
Diabetes, %2936403320184653423015
CKD, %NA5727810NA44NA29010
AKI, %8843NA100NA88100829410035
FSGS, %6570NA03562NA3108
Diabetic nephropathy, %1221880NA23NA17108
Arteriosclerosis, %NA79NA83835077NA858069
ATI, %82792410010071100NA62100100
GN, %18NA0007131NANA100
TMA, %35NA0017NA00142012
  • USA, United States; UK, United Kingdom; N, number; NA, not available; ATI, acute tubular injury; TMA, thrombotic microangiopathy.