Table 3.

Blood citrate concentration for varying BFR and replacement fluid rates using 0.5% citrate replacement fluida

BFR (ml/min)Citrateb (mmol/L) at RF 1 L/hCitrate (mmol/L) at RF 1.5 L/hCitrate (mmol/L) at RF 2 L/h
10034.56
1202.53.755
150234
1801.72.53.3
2001.52.253
  • a RF, replacement fluid rate.

  • b A blood concentration of citrate of 3 to 6 mmol/L corresponds to a systemic ionized calcium concentration <0.35 mmol/L (22).