Table 2.

Patient and disease characteristics of children included in late presentation analysis, stratified by outcome (n=2001)

VariableLate Presentation (n=472)Timely Presentation (n=1529)
Male gender, n (%)209 (44)964 (63)
Ethnic group, n (%)
 White345 (73)1162 (76)
 South Asian75 (16)249 (16)
 Black22 (5)47 (3)
 Mixed/other30 (6)71 (5)
Socioeconomic deprivation quintile, n (%)
 1 (most deprived)144 (31)432 (28)
 290 (19)386 (25)
 3102 (22)250 (16)
 471 (15)254 (17)
 5 (least deprived)65 (14)207 (14)
Primary kidney disease, n (%)
 Glomerular disease117 (25)312 (20)
 Systemic diseases affecting the kidney28 (6)56 (4)
 Familial/hereditary nephropathies94 (20)238 (16)
 Tubulointerstitial disease153 (32)838 (55)
Miscellaneous kidney disorders80 (17)85 (6)
Age at first nephrology review, yr, median (IQR)11 (5–14)2 (0.1–8)
eGFR at first nephrology reviewa, ml/min per 1.73 m2, median (IQR)7 (5–12)22 (12–41)
Distance to base center, km, median (IQR)27 (14–55)26 (12–57)
Urban residenceb, n (%)379 (82)1234 (83)
Country, n (%)
 England407 (86)1307 (86)
 Scotland34 (7)94 (6)
 Wales21 (4)79 (5)
 Northern Ireland10 (2)49 (3)
Age at KRT start, yr, median (IQR)11 (5–14)10 (5–13)
Months from first nephrology review to KRT start, median (IQR)0.1 (0–1)48 (21–100)
eGFR at KRT start (ml/min per 1.73 m2)c, median (IQR)7 (5–10)10 (7–13)
Time period of KRT start, n (%)
 1996–2000101 (21)326 (21)
 2001–2005112 (24)329 (22)
 2006–2010128 (27)393 (26)
 2011–2016131 (28)481 (32)
Start modalityd, n (%)
 Hemodialysis173 (44)366 (27)
 Peritoneal dialysis220 (56)503 (36)
 Transplant0 (0)512 (37)
  • IQR, interquartile range.

  • a eGFR at first seen date missing for n=557.

  • b Urban residence data missing for n=59 (Northern Ireland residents).

  • c eGFR at KRT start date missing for n=240.

  • d Start modality data missing for n=227.