Table 1.

Relation between kidney volume and variables

VariableNumber StudiedVolume MethodMean Kidney Volumea
With variableWithout variableP ValueReference
Proteinuria270US1190 ± 93578 ± 32<0.00018
Microalbuminuria49US853 ± 87535 ± 52<0.018
HypertensionUS5
    males76624 ± 47390 ± 43<0.0005
    females89446 ± 32338 ± 24<0.002
Hypertension43CT976 ± 472739 ± 311<0.0584
241MR628 ± 48352 ± 33<0.000180
Hypertension children62US2.7 ± 2.3b1.2 ± 2.5b<0.0585
Hypertension children70US125 ± 783 ± 6<0.000142, 43
Gross hematuria191US820 ± 87588 ± 52<0.033
Progressive loss of renal function43CT895c606c84
220US598 ± 368366 ± 168<0.000177
  • a Mean kidney volume is combined kidney volume ÷ 2.

  • b Kidney volume corrected for body size.

  • c Derived from combined kidney volume data.