Table 1.

Summary of kidney biopsy complications

Complication DomainAll StudiesInfluential Studies Excluded
Proportion95% Confidence IntervalI2, %Proportion95% Confidence IntervalI2, %
Pain0.0430.02 to 0.0794
Hematoma0.110.07 to 0.15990.0880.06 to 0.1298
Hematuria0.0350.03 to 0.0499
Transfusion0.0160.01 to 0.02990.0140.01 to 0.0288
Intervention0.0030.00 to 0.0173
Death0.00060.00 to 0.000.00030.00 to 0.00