Table 5.

Mortality causes for men and women, calculated as mortality rates (per 1000 person-years and depicting 95% confidence intervals) and according to three age categories in incident dialysis patients

MenWomen
<45 Years45 to 54 Years≥55 Years<45 Years45 to 54 Years≥55 Years
Myocardial ischemia and infarction5.3 (4.2 to 6.4)16.5 (14.6 to 18.3)32.8 (31.7 to 33.9)6.1 (4.6 to 7.6)8.6 (6.9 to 10.3)23.5 (22.3 to 24.6)
Heart failure3.2 (2.3 to 4.0)8.4 (7.1 to 9.7)22.3 (21.4 to 23.3)2.8 (1.8 to 3.8)6.7 (5.2 to 8.2)20.1 (19.1 to 21.2)
Cardiac arrest8.0 (6.6 to 9.3)13.8 (12.1 to 15.5)31.0 (30.0 to 32.1)7.1 (5.5 to 8.7)12.7 (10.6 to 14.7)26.1 (25.0 to 27.3)
Cerebrovascular accident5.4 (4.3 to 6.6)8.3 (7.0 to 9.6)15.0 (14.3 to 15.8)5.9 (4.5 to 7.4)7.2 (5.6 to 8.8)17.7 (16.7 to 18.7)
Infection8.8 (7.4 to 10.3)15.0 (13.2 to 16.7)30.7 (29.6 to 31.8)11.9 (9.9 to 14.0)16.6 (14.2 to 19.0)32.7 (31.4 to 34.0)
Suicide/refusal treatment2.0 (1.3 to 2.7)3.1 (2.3 to 3.9)7.8 (7.3 to 8.4)2.2 (1.4 to 3.3)1.9 (1.3 to 2.9)9.4 (8.7 to 10.1)
Withdrawal1.1 (0.7 to 1.7)2.1 (1.4 to 2.7)10.5 (9.9 to 11.2)0.9 (0.5 to 1.7)2.5 (1.8 to 3.7)13.7 (12.9 to 14.6)
Cachexia0.9 (0.5 to 1.5)3.0 (2.2 to 3.8)12.9 (12.2 to 13.6)1.7 (1.1 to 2.7)3.8 (2.7 to 4.9)15.2 (14.3 to 16.1)
Malignancies2.8 (2.0 to 3.6)9.7 (8.3 to 11.2)19.4 (18.6 to 20.3)3.6 (2.4 to 4.7)9.4 (7.6 to 11.2)13.8 (12.9 to 14.6)
Miscellaneous10.3 (8.8 to 11.9)18.1 (16.2 to 20.1)32.5 (31.4 to 33.6)11.3 (9.3 to 13.3)17.2 (14.8 to 19.6)33.1 (31.7 to 34.4)
Unknown/unavailable7.4 (6.1 to 8.7)13.2 (11.5 to 14.9)23.7 (22.7 to 24.6)8.1 (6.4 to 9.8)12.7 (10.7 to 14.8)24.8 (23.6 to 25.9)