Table 2.

Characteristics of children on long-term kidney replacement therapy and their caregivers overall and by treatment modalities

CharacteristicsOverall, n=220Dialysis, n=113Transplantation, n=107
Child’s age, yra11±410±412±4
Child’s sex
 Boy120 (55)62 (55)58 (54)
 Girl100 (45)51 (45)49 (46)
Child’s ethnicity
 Han210 (94)108 (96)102 (95)
 Minority groups10 (6)5 (4)5 (5)
Duration on treatment, mob19 (8, 34)14 (6, 26)29 (11, 42)
Caregivers
 Parents192 (87)99 (88)93 (87)
 Grandparents12 (6)6 (5)6 (6)
 Children by themselves13 (6)7 (6)6 (6)
 Others3 (1)1 (1)2 (2)
Caregiver’s sex
 Man37 (17)19 (17)18 (17)
 Woman183 (83)94 (83)89 (83)
Caregiver’s age, yra40±1039±942±11
Caregiver’s educational background
 Illiterate, primary school, or middle school119 (54)64 (57)55 (52)
 High school or equivalent81 (37)38 (34)43 (40)
 Bachelor’s degree and above20 (9)11 (10)9 (8)
Caregiver’s working status during the outbreak
 Full-time care194 (88)103 (91)91 (85)
 Working at home21 (10)8 (7)13 (12)
 Working at office (need to travel)5 (2)2 (2)3 (3)
Medical payment
 Insurance191 (87)101 (89)90 (84)
 Out of pocket29 (13)12 (11)17 (16)
  • The cell contents are N (%) except when noted otherwise.

  • a Mean ± SD.

  • b Median (25th percentile, 75th percentile).