Table 1.

Characteristics of patients who initiated dialysis (n=69,368) between January 2013 and December 2014 by benzodiazepine dispensing within 6 months of initiation

CharacteristicBenzodiazepine within 6 mo, n=11,289No Benzodiazepine within 6 mo, n=58,079
Age, yr, median [IQR]68 [59–77]67 [56–76]
BMI, kg/m2, median [IQR]28 [24–34]28 [24–34]
Women, %5444
White, %8065
Dialysis initiation in 2013, %5957
Opioids, %7656
Neuropathic pain medication, %
 Any6849
 Gabapentin2618
Antidepressant, %5629
CNS depressant, %3718
Comorbidity, %
 Diabetes5860
 Cardiovascular disease5752
 Peripheral vascular disease1411
 Hypertension8889
 COPD1610
 Tobacco use86
 Cancer87
 Drug use32
 Inability to ambulate2016
 Institutionalized139
 No comorbidity12
Cause of kidney failure, %
 Diabetes4749
 Hypertensive kidney disease3132
 GN66
 Other1613
Dual eligible, %4746
Employment status, %
 Unemployed1926
 Full time12
 Part time12
 Retired4642
 Disabled2924
 Other34
  • Medications were ascertained at any point during follow-up. IQR, interquartile range; BMI, body mass index; CNS, central nervous system; COPD, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease.