Table 1.

Baseline characteristics of participants in the Access to Transplantation and Transplant Outcome Measures study (United Kingdom) analyzed for access to preemptive kidney transplant listing and kidney transplant listing within 2 years of starting dialysis

VariableAccess to Preemptive Listing, N (%)Access to Listing within 2 yr of Starting Dialysis, N (%)
TotalNo. Preemptively ListedTotalNo. Listed within 2 yr of Starting Dialysis
Age, yr, mean (SD)55 (13.6)49 (12.9)57 (13)49 (14)
Sex
 Men1706 (64)421 (60)1285 (65)406 (69)
 Women970 (36)285 (40)685 (35)179 (31)
Ethnic group
 White2177 (81)611 (87)1566 (80)416 (71)
 Asian293 (11)60 (8)233 (12)103 (18)
 Black177 (7)31 (4)146 (7)54 (9)
 Other29 (1)4 (1)25 (1)12 (2)
Primary renal disease
 Diabetes711 (28)112 (16)599 (30)119 (20)
 GN428 (16)148 (21)280 (14)142 (24)
 Hypertension171 (6)40 (6)131 (7)50 (9)
 Missing30 (1)10 (1)20 (1)14 (2)
 Other388 (15)88 (13)300 (15)75 (13)
 Polycystic249 (9)135 (19)114 (6)56 (10)
 Pyelonephritis221 (8)91 (13)130 (7)31 (5)
 Renal vascular disease95 (4)12 (2)83 (4)9 (2)
 Uncertain383 (14)70 (10)313 (16)89 (15)
BMI
 <20165 (6)40 (6)125 (6)41 (7)
 20 to <25729 (27)232 (33)497 (25)195 (33)
 25 to <30771 (29)274 (39)497 (25)186 (32)
 30 to <35435 (16)107 (15)328 (17)91 (16)
 35 to <40202 (8)24 (3)178 (9)34 (6)
 ≥40131 (5)6 (1)125 (6)8 (1)
 Missing243 (9)23 (3)220 (11)30 (5)
Diabetes
 No1614 (60)552 (78)1065 (54)398 (68)
 Type 1256 (10)80 (11)176 (9)60 (10)
 Type 2776 (29)67 (10)709 (36)115 (20)
 Missing27 (1.0)7 (1)20 (1)12 (2)
Heart disease
 No2159 (81)650 (92)1509 (77)508 (87)
 Yes488 (18)48 (7)440 (22)63 (11)
 Missing29 (1)8 (1)21 (1)14 (2)
Heart failure
 No2467 (92)691 (98)1776 (90)551 (94)
 Yes178 (7)7 (1)171 (9)18 (3)
 Missing31 (1)8 (1)23 (1)16 (3)
Atrial fibrillation
 No2547 (95)687 (97)1860 (94)559 (96)
 Yes97 (4)11 (2)86 (4)10 (2)
 Missing32 (1)8 (1)24 (1)16 (3)
Cardiac valve replacement
 No2612 (98)689 (98)1923 (98)568 (97)
 Yes31 (1)7 (1)24 (1)1 (0.2)
 Missing33 (1)10 (1)23 (1)17 (3)
Pacemaker
 No2604 (97)694 (98)1910 (97)567 (97)
 Yes41 (2)4 (0.6)37 (2)2 (0.3)
 Missing31 (1)8 (1)23 (1)16 (3)
Cerebrovascular disease
 No2422 (91)674 (96)1748 (89)541 (93)
 Yes222 (8)23 (3)199 (10)28 (5)
 Missing32 (1)9 (1)23 (1)16 (3)
Vascular disease
 No2432 (91)686 (97)1746 (89)545 (93)
 Yes212 (8)12 (2)200 (10)24 (4)
 Missing32 (1)8 (1)24 (1)16 (4)
Abdominal aortic aneurysm
 No2597 (97)693 (98)1904 (97)569 (97)
 Yes46 (2)4 (0.6)42 (2)1 (0.2)
 Missing33 (1)9 (1)24 (1)15 (3)
Respiratory disease
 No2335 (87)643 (91)1692 (86)523 (89)
 Yes310 (12)55 (8)255 (13)47 (8)
 Missing31 (1)8 (1)23 (1)15 (3)
Liver disease
 No2582 (97)691 (98)1891 (96)563 (96)
 Yes64 (2)7 (1)57 (3)7 (1)
 Missing30 (1)8 (1)22 (1)15 (3)
Blood-borne viruses
 No2576 (96)688 (98)1888 (96)562 (96)
 Yes70 (3)10 (1)60 (3)9 (2)
 Missing30 (1)8 (1)22 (1)14 (2)
Malignancy
 No2328 (87)659 93)1669 (85)545 (93)
 Yes321 (12)39 (6)282 (14)25 (4)
 Missing27 (1)8 (1)19 (1)14 (2)
Mental illness
 No2422 (91)657 (93)1765 (90)532 (91)
 Yes225 (8)41 (6)184 (9)39 (7)
 Missing29 (1)8 (1)21 (1)14 (2)
Dementia
 No2637 (99)697 (99)1940 (99)568 (97)
 Yes8 (0.3)1 (0.1)7 (0.4)1 (0.2)
 Missing31 (1)8 (1)23 (1)16 (3)
Smoking
 No1145 (43)364 (52)781 (40)253 (43)
 Current381 (14)66 (9)315 (16)73 (13)
 Ex-smoker763 (29)185 (26)578 (29)158 (27)
 Do not know370 (14)85 (12)285 (15)93 (16)
 Missing17 (0.6)6 (1)11 (0.6)8 (1)
Born in the United Kingdom
 No485 (18)86 (12)399 (20)149 (26)
 Yes2032 (76)578 (82)1454 (74)404 (69)
 Missing159 (6)42 (6)117 (6)32 (6)
English first language
 No325 (12)58 (8)267 (14)110 (19)
 Yes2192 (82)606 (86)1586 (81)443 (76)
 Missing159 (6)42 (6)117 (6)32 (6)
Read help
 No2058 (77)597 (85)1461 (74)459 (78)
 Yes457 (17)66 (9)391 (20)94 (16)
 Missing161 (6)43 (6)118 (6)32 (6)
Accommodation
 Owned by you (outright or with a mortgage)1436 (54)468 (66)968 (49)281 (48)
 Part rent, part owned (shared ownership)55 (2)11 (2)44 (2)17 (3)
 Rented privately from council/housing association861 (32)145 (21)716 (36)203 (35)
 Other154 (6)37 (5)117 (6)49 (8)
 Missing170 (6)45 (6)125 (6)35 (6)
Employment
 Working PT/FT627 (23)316 (45)311 (16)185 (32)
 Long-term sick/disabled700 (26)132 (19)568 (29)156 (27)
 Retired from paid work889 (33)124 (18)765 (39)114 (20)
 Unemployed173 (7)37 (5)136 (7)65 (11)
 Other122 (5)52 (7)70 (4)33 (6)
 Missing165 (6)45 (6)120 (6)32 (6)
Education
 Degree, higher or NVQ 4–5446 (17)160 (23)286 (15)137 (23)
 GCSE, A level or NVQ 1–31051 (39)346 (49)705 (36)241 (41)
 No qualifications1023 (38)160 (23)863 (44)175 (30)
 Missing156 (6)40 (6)116 (6)32 (6)
Car ownership
 No658 (25)76 (11)582 (30)153 (26)
 Yes1852 (69)586 (83)1266 (64)399 (68)
 Missing166 (6)44 (6)122 (6)33 (6)
Civil status
 Single (never married)480 (18)136 (19)344 (17)136 (23)
 Married1386 (52)388 (55)998 (50)286 (49)
 Living with partner173 (7)64 (9)109 (6)43 (8)
 Divorced238 (9)49 (7)189 (10)49 (8)
 Separated (but still legally married)81 (3)12 (2)69 (4)19 (3)
 Widowed148 (6)14 (2)134 (7)17 (3)
 Missing170 (6)43 (6)127 (6)35 (6)
Children in household
 None1978 (74)472 (67)1506 (76)387 (66)
 1264 (10)97 (14)167 (9)76 (13)
 2 or more265 (10)92 (13)173 (9)88 (15)
 Missing169 (6)45 (6)124 (6)34 (6)
Adults in household
 0–1699 (26)127 (18)572 (29)154 (26)
 21261 (47)378 (54)883 (45)263 (45)
 3 or more545 (20)156 (22)389 (20)134 (23)
 Missing171 (6)45 (6)126 (6)34 (6)
  • BMI, body mass index; PT, part time; FT, full time; NVQ, National Vocational Qualification; GCSE, General Certificate of Secondary Education.