Table 2.

Modified Mini Mental State Examination scores by dipping patterns during follow-up

Dipping PatternNumber of Participants
Year 0Year 1Year 2Year 3Year 4
Dipper648266338377383
Reverse dipper327126157174171
Nondipper711352322401392
Extreme dipper179619110496
  • P value comparing means across dipping patterns=0.34. P value after adjusting for clinic site, year, age, race, sex, education, marital status, income, smoking, alcohol use, illicit drug use, body mass index, use of antihypertensive medications, history of hypertension, diabetes mellitus, hyperlipidemia, anemia, C-reactive protein, urine protein-creatinine ratio, depression, stroke, and GFR at time of ambulatory BP.