Table 2.

Examples of patient-focused goals of novel kidney replacement therapies

Decrease time on dialysis
Reduce restrictions on diet/fluids
Alleviate symptoms:
Dialysis associated dizziness, headaches, muscle cramps
Nausea and vomiting
Dry, itchy skin
Sleep disturbances
Depression
Fatigue
Weakness
Mental status changes
Improve:
BP control
Ability to work
Ability to travel
Anemia
Bone disease