Table 4.

Adjusted associations between hospitalization with psychiatric diagnosis and death in adult and elderly adult patients treated with dialysis during 1-year observation period

HospitalizationsNo. of PatientsNo. of DeathHazard Ratioa (95% Confidence Interval)
Adults aged 22–64 yr
 Nonpsychiatric hospitalization115,35870,688 (61%)1.00
 Primary psychiatric hospitalization61544223 (69%)1.31 (1.27 to 1.35)
 Secondary psychiatric hospitalization75,05945,834 (61%)1.13 (1.12 to 1.15)
Elderly adults aged ≥65 yr
 Nonpsychiatric hospitalization190,347149,646 (79%)1.00
 Primary psychiatric hospitalization50314014 (80%)1.28 (1.24 to 1.32)
 Secondary psychiatric hospitalization74,18554,347 (73%)1.10 (1.09 to 1.11)
All adults
 Nonpsychiatric hospitalization305,705220,334 (72%)1.00
 Primary psychiatric hospitalization11,1858237 (74%)1.29 (1.26 to 1.32)
 Secondary psychiatric hospitalization149,244100,181 (67%)1.11 (1.10 to 1.12)
  • a Cox proportional hazards model adjusted for gender, race, ethnicity, age, residential area, dual eligibility status, cause of ESRD, Charlson score, and comorbid conditions (congestive heart failure, peripheral vascular disease, cerebrovascular disease, atherosclerotic heart disease, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, and cancer) at ESRD initiation.