Table 1.

Select characteristics of adult patients initiating home dialysis from 2005 to 2013 on day 1 of dialysis, by era and race/ethnicity

CharacteristicYear of Dialysis
2005–2007n=11,4322008–2010n=13,6172011–2013n=17,461
White n=7287Blackn=2437Hispanicn=1102Asiann=606Whiten=8235Blackn=2997Hispanicn=1531Asiann=854Whiten=10,118Blackn=3843Hispanicn=2313Asiann=1187
Demographics
 Median age (Q1–Q3), yr62 (52–73)54 (44–63)55 (42–65)59 (47–68)63 (52–72)55 (44–64)55 (44–65)58 (47–68)63 (53–73)55 (44–64)55 (44–64)61 (49–70)
 Men, %574752555950565260495853
 Peritoneal dialysis, %9897999999989999989898100
 Home hemodialysis, %1.72.71.40.81.52.11.11.52.02.31.60.4
Medical factors
 Diabetes, %474754464649564449506153
 Atherosclerotic heart disease, %21101110199101216799
 Heart failure, %211513111916121218151211
 Cerebrovascular disease, %774476556544
 Need help with ADLs, %544243435455
 Mean BMI (SD), kg/m228.3 (6.2)29.6 (6.6)28.4 (5.9)25.5 (4.9)28.8 (6.2)30.1 (6.7)29.0 (5.9)25.5 (5.2)29.1 (6.3)29.9 (6.5)29.0 (6.0)26.2 (5.2)
Individual-level socioeconomic factors, %
 No nephrology referral predialysis9121712711158712178
 Employer health plan464939494347374938433645
 Medicaid101928211018261911192318
 Medicare473028274530272753383536
 Uninsured510135610135611145
 Unemployed112023161221261614243019
Regional-level socioeconomic factors
 Mean percentage of ZIP code below poverty line (SD), %13 (8)21 (11)19 (10)11 (7)13 (8)20 (10)19 (10)11 (7)14 (8)21 (11)19 (10)13 (7)
 Median percentage of ZIP code with <HS diploma (Q1–Q3), %12 (8–18)18 (11–24)24 (15–33)11 (7–19)12 (8–18)18 (11–24)23 (14–34)12 (7–19)12 (8–18)17 (11–23)22 (13–33)12 (8–21)
 Large PD unit, %a616567695761757057656777
 For-profit dialysis unit, %b778178687980827284838579
 Urban ZIP code, %748790957586879576888995
 Census division, %
  Pacific107355912836601383661
  East South Central813119161191412
  West South Central813119161191412
  Mountain711047111472115
  New England643463345323
  South Atlantic2036982035810193489
  West North Central832273127312
  East North Central201667181366181466
  Middle Atlantic1210891296912868
  • Q1, first quartile; Q3, third quartile; ADLs, activities of daily living; BMI, body mass index; HS, high school; PD, peritoneal dialysis.

  • a Reported for those on PD on day 1. Large units were defined as having at least 20 patients on PD.

  • b This was unknown for white patients, n=5517 (2%); black patients, n=4505 (3%); Hispanic patients, n=1034 (2%); Asian patients, n=362 (2%).