Table 5.

Types of hemodialysis machines used at home

Single-pass systemsMost commonly used system globally, with onscreen instructions and fail-safe alarms
Bigger, more complex, requiring maintenance, cleaning of components within the circuit
Plumbing and electric modification may be needed
Low-flow systemsProprietary dialysis fluid bags, travel friendly but need to travel or ship fluid, much like peritoneal dialysis
Option for online dialysate generator, not portable
Machine portable, no wet circuit, single cartridge that patient engages as a singular step, with all pathways working automatically
Maximum dialysate 60 L and singular cartridge dialyzer option, limits individualized prescription