Table 1.

Quality indicators

Quality IndicatorsDefinitionExamples
Structure measuresStructure of care is a feature of a health care organization related to the capacity to provide high-quality health careDoes the health care organization or unit use a Computerized Physician Order Entry?
Does the health system have an electronic health record system?
Do AKI care pathways/bundles exist in the health care system?
Process measuresA health care–related activity performed for, on behalf of, or by a patientPercentage of patients who were correctly identified as patients at risk of AKI at hospital admission
Outcome measuresAn outcome of care is a state of health of a patient resulting from health carePercentage of patients who developed AKI among the patients at risk of AKI
Percentage of patients with AKI that had a medication review for nephrotoxicity
Access measuresAccess to care is the attainment of timely and appropriate health care by patients or enrollees of a health care organization or clinicianPercentage of patients who had a timely nephrology consult
Patient experience measuresExperience of care is a patient’s or enrollee’s report of observations of and participation in health care, or any resulting change in their healthPercentage of patients who reported how often their doctors communicated well
Balancing measuresUnintended and/or wider consequences of the change that can be positive or negativeOverwhelming nephrology clinics by referring patients with AKD for follow-up
  • AKD, acute kidney disease.