Table 1.

Common side effects of diuretics

Loop diuretics
 Hypersensitivity reactions
 Extracellular fluid volume depletion
 Hypokalemic alkalosis
 Hypomagnesemia
 Ototoxicity
Distal convoluted tubule diuretics
 Hypersensitivity reactions
 Hyponatremia
 Hypokalemic alkalosis
 hyperglycemia/diabetes
 Hyperuricemia/gout
 Hypomagnesemia
 Hypokalemia and prerenal azotemia, when combined with loop diuretics
Potassium-sparing diuretics
 Hypersensitivity
 Hyperkalemia
 Metabolic acidosis
 Azotemia
 Gynecomastia, vaginal bleeding (spironolactone)