Table 2.

Cause-specific death by tertiles of fruit and vegetable intake

Cause of deathFruit and Vegetable Intake, Servings per wk
Overall0–5.55.6–10>10
N (%)Mortality Rate per 1000 Person-yrN (%)Mortality Rate per 1000 Person-yrN (%)Mortality Rate per 1000 Person-yrN (%)Mortality Rate per 1000 Person-yr
Cardiovascular954 (46)51323 (48)57356 (46)52275 (44)46
Infection361 (17)20114 (17)20133 (17)20114 (18)19
Cancer158 (8)948 (7)865 (8)1045 (7)7
Gastrointestinal72 (3)424 (3)430 (4)418 (3)3
Liver disease24 (1)14 (0.6)112 (2)28 (1)1
Withdrawal from dialysis24 (1)18 (1)110 (1)16 (1)1
Metabolic7 (0.3)0.43 (0.4)14 (0.6)1
Endocrine
Other316 (15)17102 (15)18110 (14)16104 (16)17
Unknown166 (8)953 (8)956 (7)857 (9)9
All-cause2082 (26)112679 (27)120772 (26)114631 (24)105
  • Other causes of death include hemorrhage from vascular access or dialysis circuit (n=2), other hemorrhage (n=6), mesenteric infarction/ischemic bowel (n=22), bone marrow depression (n=2), cachexia/failure to thrive (n=60), dementia including dialysis dementia and Alzheimer (n=9), seizures (n=1), chronic obstructive lung disease (n=14), complications of surgery (n=18), air embolism (n=8), accident unrelated to treatment (n=16), suicide (n=2), and other unspecified (n=156). —, None.