Table 2.

Characteristics of pre-emptively listed candidates with Medicaid coverage in nonexpansion and expansion states, pre- and postexpansion

CharacteristicJanuary 1, 2011–December 31, 2013January 1, 2014–December 31, 2016
Nonexpansion State (n=19)Expansion Statea (n=24+DC)Nonexpansion State (n=19)Expansion Statea (n=24+DC)
n=330n=1094n=359n=1737
Age at listing, yr44 (32, 55)48 (36, 58)45 (35, 54)48 (36, 57)
Race/ethnicity
 White133 (40)388 (36)144 (40)549 (32)
 Black128 (39)282 (26)142 (40)422 (24)
 Hispanic58 (18)289 (26)50 (14)480 (28)
 Other11 (3)135 (12)23 (6)286 (17)
Male161 (49)540 (49)157 (44)913 (53)
BMI (kg/m2)29.0 (24.3, 34.0)28.3 (24.4, 32.9)28.8 (24.6, 33.2)28.4 (24.3, 32.6)
Diabetes states
 Nondiabetic224 (70)699 (64)223 (62)1094 (63)
 Diabetic106 (32)394 (36)136 (38)642 (37)
 Missing0 (0.0)1 (0.1)0 (0.0)1 (0.1)
United States citizen317 (96)936 (86)339 (94)1440 (83)
Educational attainment
 Less than high school27 (8)150 (14)25 (7)213 (12)
 High school graduate255 (77)732 (67)263 (73)1208 (70)
 ≥College graduate39 (12)154 (14)54 (15)283 (16)
 Missing/unknown9 (3)58 (5)17 (5)33 (2)
Prior organ transplant45 (14)152 (14)42 (12)173 (10)
Employed
 No256 (78)818 (75)276 (77)1214 (70)
 Yes54 (16)237 (22)73 (20)507 (29)
 Unknown20 (6)39 (4)10 (3)16 (1)
Independent functionb
 No99 (30)305 (28)122 (34)426 (25)
 Yes219 (66)740 (68)226 (63)1271 (73)
 Unknown12 (4)49 (5)11 (3)40 (2)
  • Values presented as median (interquartile range) and n (%). DC, District of Columbia; BMI, body mass index.

  • a Excludes seven states that implemented Medicaid expansion between January 1, 2014 and December 31, 2016.

  • b Defined as Karnofsky Performance Status Scale ≥80%.