Table 1.

Glossary of terms

Primary osteoporosisChronic, progressive disease characterized by low bone mass, microarchitecture deterioration of bone tissue, bone fragility, and a consequent increase in fracture risk (51)
 PostmenopausalCaused by estrogen deficiency in postmenopausal women
 Age relatedAssociated with aging in both men and women
Secondary osteoporosisOsteoporosis secondary to medical conditions, nutritional deficiencies, and medication side effects (52)
CKD-MBDA systemic disorder of mineral and bone metabolism due to CKD manifested by abnormalities of calcium, phosphorus, PTH, or vitamin D metabolism; abnormalities of bone turnover, mineralization, volume, linear growth, or strength; and vascular or other soft tissue calcification
Renal osteodystrophyA disorder of bone quality and strength secondary to CKD; the bone component of CKD-MBD
Adynamic bone diseaseLow or absent bone formation and turnover (53)
  • CKD-MBD, CKD mineral and bone disease; PTH, parathyroid hormone.