Table 1.

Likelihood of an adverse event across different learning styles

Learning StyleNo. of Patients, N (%)Age, yr, Mean±SDTraining, d, Mean±SDPatients with Any Adverse Eventa,bPatients with Adverse Event, %Unadjusted ORcAdjusted ORc,d
 V learners (VARK, VAR, VAK, VRK, VK, VR, V)35 (57)47±1157.9±39.61851
 Non-V learners   (ARK, AR, AK, K, R, RK)26 (43)52±1460.6±31.420774.13 (1.17 to 14.52)6.49 (1.42 to 29.61)
 A learners (VARK, VAR, VAK, ARK, AR, AK)38 (62)50±1254.5±36.72463
 Non-A learners   (VRK, VR, VK, RK, R, K)23 (38)48±1466.8±34.314611.47 (0.47 to 4.64)2.17 (0.56 to 8.32)
 R learners (VARK, VAR, VRK, ARK, VR, AR, RK, R)44 (72)50±1258.0±38.72864
 Non-R learners   (VAK, VK, AK, V, K)17 (23)48±1361.9±29.110591.12 (0.33 to 3.80)1.41 (0.35 to 5.73)
 K learners (VARK, VAK, VRK, ARK, AK, VK, RK, K)47 (77)49±1360.0±37.53166
 Non-K learners   (VAR, VR, AR, V, R)14 (23)52±1156.1±32.07500.76 (0.22 to 2.70)0.96 (0.22 to 4.10)
  • P value <0.05 indicates statistical significance. OR, odds ratio; V, visual; A, auditory; R, reading-writing; K, kinesthetic.

  • a Adverse events were predominantly bacteremia related to access (approximately 55.5% of patients); access clotting, needle dislodgement, and catheter damage (each accounting for approximately 10% of patients); and air embolism requiring hospitalization (one patient).

  • b Adverse events included vascular access complications, bacteremia, and any other dialysis-related events that required hospitalization since starting home hemodialysis.

  • c OR comparing the likelihood of a single adverse event for any patient within the different subgroups. Reference groups for ORs are V, A, R, and K learners.

  • d Adjusted for access type, duration of training (in days), diabetes, dialysis vintage, visual impairment, auditory impairment, and peripheral neuropathy.