Table 1.

Extrarenal manifestations reported in thrombotic microangiopathies

* Neurologic involvement, including seizures and altered consciousness
* Pancreatitis
* Cardiac involvement/myocardial infarction
* Gastrointestinal involvement (including diarrhea, vomiting, abdominal pain)
* Cerebral artery thrombosis/stenosis
* Extracerebral artery stenosis
* Digital gangrene/skin
* Ocular involvement
* Hepatitis
* Pulmonary involvement
  • The published data refers primarily to those observed in complement-mediated atypical hemolytic uremic syndrome (*) and hemolytic uremic syndrome caused by shiga toxin–producing Escherichia coli () (6,14,27,59).