Table 1.

Baseline demographics and clinical characteristics of study participants by randomization group

Attribute and UnitsMean±SD or n/N (%)
All Study Participants (Baseline), n=141Usual Care Group (Baseline), n=69Medication Intervention Group (Baseline), n=72
Age69±1169±1070±12
Sex
 Women67/141 (48)33/69 (48)34/72 (47)
Race
 White/European121/141 (86)60/69 (87)61/72 (85)
 Black/African6/141 (4)3/69 (4)3/72 (4)
 American Indian8/141 (6)2/69 (3)6/72 (8)
 Asian/Pacific Islander4/141 (2)2/69 (3)2/72 (3)
 Mixed3/141 (2)3/69 (4)0/72 (0)
Ethnicity
 Hispanic3/141 (2)2/69 (3)1/72 (1)
Education attainment
 Not high school graduate10/141 (7)4/69 (6)6/72 (8)
 High school graduate31/141 (22)12/69 (17)19/72 (26)
 Some college50/141 (35)25/69 (36)25/72 (35)
 College graduate29/141 (21)18/69 (26)11/72 (15)
 Postgraduate20/141 (14)9/69 (13)11/72 (15)
 Unknown1/141 (1)1/69 (1)0/72 (0)
Marital status
 Single12/141 (9)7/69 (10)5/72 (7)
 Married70/141 (50)35/69 (51)35/72 (49)
 Divorced25/141 (18)12/69 (17)13/72 (18)
 Widowed33/141 (23)15/69 (22)18/72 (25)
 Separated1/141 (1)0/69 (0)1/72 (1)
Diabetes by history
 Yes79/141 (56)41/69 (59)38/72 (53)
Hypertension by history
 Yes117/141 (83)63/69 (91)54/72 (75)
CKD ND stage 2
 Yes10/141 (8)4/69 (6)6/72 (9)
CKD ND stage 3A
 Yes38/141 (28)22/69 (34)16/72 (23)
CKD ND stage 3B
 Yes54/141 (40)24/69 (38)30/72 (43)
CKD ND stage 4
 Yes29/141 (22)12/69 (19)17/72 (24)
CKD ND stage 5
 Yes3/141 (2)2/69 (3)1/72 (1)
Participant aware of kidney disease
 Yes96/124 (77)48/64 (75)48/60 (80)
Providers aware of kidney disease
 Yes112/141 (79)54/69 (78)58/72 (81)
Primary cardiovascular diagnosis for hospitalization
 Yes51/141 (36)23/69 (32)28/72 (41)
Primary infection diagnosis for hospitalization
 Yes26/141 (18)15/69 (21)11/72 (16)
Primary kidney disease diagnosis for hospitalization
 Yes17/141 (12)6/69 (8)11/72 (16)
  • ND, not treated by dialysis.