Table 4.

Similarities between frailty screening instruments and geriatric assessment: percentage of questions addressing a geriatric issue

Geriatric domainGA, %Fried, %GFI, %G8, %ISAR-HP, %VMS, %
ADL141325
iADL14750
Mobility/physical performance/falls14607122525
Cognition14712a25
Mood143312a
Malnutrition142074725
Comorbidity14
Other items of the frailty measurements
 Neurosensory impairmentb13
 General health20712
 Polypharmacyc76
 Aged12
 Low educational level25
  • GA, Geriatric Assessment; Fried, Fried Frailty Index; GFI, Groningen Frailty Indicator; G8, Geriatric8; ISAR-HP, Identification of Seniors at Risk-Hospitalized Patients; VMS, Veiligheidsmanagementsysteem (Hospital Safety Program criteria); ADL, activities of daily living; —, no similarity; iADL, instrumental activities of daily living.

  • a Cognitive impairment or mood disturbances.

  • b Hearing or vision loss.

  • c >3 medications.

  • d <80, 80-85, >85.