Table 1.

Viruses associated with GN

Virus TypePredominant Glomerular Histology
Acute
 DengueICGN, MsPGN
 HantavirusHFRS-MsPGN
 Varicella-zosterDPGN
 ParvovirusICGN, PAN, MPA, TMA, IgA
 HAVICGN, MsPGN
 HBVDPGN
 CMVcFSGS, MN, IgA, HSP, ICGN, MPGN, TMA
 EBVICGN, MN, MsPGN
 Coxsackie BRPGN
Subacute
 ParvoviruscFSGS
 EBVcFSGS, MN
 HBVPAN
 HCVPAN
Chronic
 HBVMN, Type I MPGN, MPGN+MC, PAN, IgA, FSGS
 HIVHIVAN, HIVICK, TMA
 HCVType I MPGN+MC, Type I MPGN, PAN, IgA, MN
 HEVMN
  • ICGN, immune complex glomerulonephritis; MsPGN, mesangial proliferative GN; HFRS, hemorrhagic fever and renal syndrome; DPGN, diffuse proliferative GN; PAN, polyarteritis nodosa; MPA, microscopic polyarteritis; TMA, thrombotic microangiopathy; HAV, hepatitis A virus; HBV, hepatitis B virus; CMV, cytomegalovirus; cFSGS, collapsing FSGS; MN, membranous glomerulopathy; HSP, Henoch Shoenlein purpura; MPGN, membranoproliferative GN; EBV, Epstein-Barr virus; RPGN, rapidly progressive glomerulonephritis; HCV, hepatitis C virus; MC, mixed cryoglobulinemia; HIVAN, HIV-associated nephropathy; HIVICK, HIV immune complex disease of the kidney; HEV, hepatitis E virus.