Table 1.

Baseline participant characteristics by quartiles of visceral fat area

CharacteristicAbdomen Visceral Fat (cm2)All
Q1Q2Q3Q4
<95 cm295–132 cm2133–181 cm2>181 cm2
N6186266256202489
Age, yr74 (3)74 (3)74 (3)74 (3)74 (3)
Men, n (%)234 (38)284 (45)320 (51)369 (60)1207 (49)
Black, n (%)321 (52)248 (40)229 (37)175 (28)973 (39)
Site, n (%)
 Memphis268 (43)281 (45)322 (52)363 (59)1234 (50)
 Pittsburgh350 (57)345 (55)303 (49)257 (42)1255 (50)
Diabetes, n (%)51 (8)73 (12)101 (16)135 (22)360 (15)
Hypertension, n (%)367 (59)363 (58)353 (57)385 (62)1468 (59)
SBP, mmHg135 (21)135 (20)135 (21)136 (21)135 (21)
DBP, mmHg71 (12)70 (12)72 (11)72 (11)71 (12)
Smoking, n (%)
 Never319 (52)279 (45)276 (44)231 (37)1105 (44)
 Former207 (34)295 (47)291 (47)355 (57)1148 (46)
 Current92 (15)50 (8)57 (9)34 (6)122 (9)
Alcohol, drinks/wk
 >1163 (27)196 (31)199 (32)196 (32)754 (30)
HTN meds, n (%)278 (45)316 (51)340 (55)388 (63)1322 (53)
Oral estrogen, n (%)108 (18)84 (13)67 (11)45 (7)304 (12)
Prevalent CHD, n (%)103 (17)116 (19)132 (21)161 (26)512 (21)
Prevalent HF, n (%)9 (2)16 (3)19 (3)14 (2)58 (2)
Prevalent stroke, n (%)65 (11)52 (8)54 (9)54 (9)225 (9)
Cholesterol, mg/dl203 (36)203 (38)205 (39)200 (4)203 (38)
LDL cholesterol, mg/dl119 (33)123 (35)125 (34)120 (35)122 (34)
HDL cholesterol, mg/dl63 (18)55 (16)51 (16)47 (14)54 (17)
Triglycerides, mg/dla97 [75,124]114 [86,152]129 [98,179]146 [110,199]119 [88,165]
eGFR-cysC, ml/min per 1.73 m292 (17)90 (16)87 (18)84 (19)88 (18)
eGFR-cysC<60 ml/min per 1.73 m234 (6)35 (6)53 (9)72 (12)194 (8)
UACRa8 (5,17)7 (4,15)8 (4,18)9 (5,24)8 (5,19)
ACR>30 mg/g89 (15)84 (14)103 (17)137 (22)413 (17)
BMI24.1 (3.9)26.4 (3.7)28.0 (3.9)30.6 (4.2)27.3 (4.6)
Weight, kg65 (12)73 (11)78 (12)87 (14)76 (15)
Height, cm164 (9)166 (9)167 (9)168 (9)166 (9)
Waist circumference, cm89 (10)97 (10)102 (10)109 (10)99 (12)
  • Data expressed as n and %, mean (SD). SBP, systolic BP; DPB, diastolic BP; HTN, hypertension; CHD, coronary heart disease; HF, heart failure; eGFR-cysC, eGFR-cystatin C; UACR, urinary albumin-to-creatinine ratio; ACR, albumin-to-creatinine ratio; BMI, body mass index.

  • a Median (IQR).