Table 4.

Measures to minimize an allergic reaction to a dialyzer

(1) Prime the dialyzer well
(2) Switch from ethylene oxide sterilization to γ- or steam-sterilized dialyzer
(3) In the event of a hypersensitivity reaction, do not return the blood, because this may aggravate the allergic reaction
(4) Treat with antihistamines, corticosteroids, and epinephrine for a hypersensitivity reaction
(5) Rule out other conditions that may simulate an allergic reaction (air embolism, hemolysis, pyrogenic reaction)