Table 2.

Changes in mortality of patients on dialysis from 2000 to 2013 by age, sex, race, cause of ESRD, and region

CharacteristicsAll-Cause MortalityPredialysis Care
Prevalent PatientsIncident PatientsCardiovascular Mortality in Prevalent PatientsDiabetes as ESRD CauseNephrologist Care >12 moAVF Placement
Change, %aP ValueChange, %aP ValueChange, %aP ValueChange, %aP ValueChange, %aP ValueChange, %aP Value
Overall model−2.7<0.001−2.1<0.001−5.0<0.001−0.2<0.0012.8<0.0012.4<0.001
Age model
 Age, yr
  65–74−2.8−2.3−5.1−0.43.12.6
  18–44−3.8<0.001−3.80.07−4.40.0041.0<0.0010.1<0.0010.9<0.001
  45–64−3.0<0.09−2.00.37−4.5<0.001−0.70.042.0<0.0012.00.09
  ≥75−2.3<0.001−1.90.25−5.50.0010.6<0.0014.4<0.0013.40.06
Sex model
 Sex
  Men−2.8−2.1−5.0−0.22.82.5
  Women−2.9<0.001−2.30.32−5.3<0.001−0.5<0.0012.70.523.2<0.001
Race model
 Race
  White−2.6−1.8−5.20.02.82.3
  Black−3.0<0.001−3.2<0.001−4.7<0.001−0.5<0.0012.90.953.20.002
  Other−3.00.004−1.90.87−4.6<0.01−1.4<0.0011.20.002−0.9<0.001
ESRD model
 ESRD cause
  Diabetes−3.1−2.9−4.93.12.6
  HTN−2.4<0.001−2.30.09−5.00.603.20.842.90.40
  GN−2.6<0.001−4.00.17−4.90.882.20.040.5<0.001
  Other−2.4<0.001−0.5<0.001−5.10.181.0<0.0010.7<0.001
Region model
 Region
  West−2.8−2.0−5.1−0.23.22.5
  Northeast−2.70.51−1.90.82−4.90.060.00.393.70.032.70.59
  Midwest−2.3<0.001−0.6<0.001−5.30.02−0.50.0032.90.214.1<0.001
  South−2.60.003−2.70.001−4.5<0.001−0.50.0011.8<0.0012.00.02
  • Overall model is adjusted for age, sex, race, cause of ESRD, and region. Individual models are then constructed separately for each of these factors. AVF, arteriovenous fistula; —, referent or comparator group; HTN, hypertension.

  • a Percentage relative annual change.