Table 2.

In-hospital complications, procedures, and discharge outcomes in patients with and without CKD undergoing cardiopulmonary resuscitation from the Nation Inpatient Sample from 2005 to 2011

CharacteristicsWith CKD, n=71,961Without CKD, n=323,620P Value
In-hospital complications
 Pneumonia14,464 (20)57,316 (17)<0.001
 Deep venous thrombosis791 (1)3875 (1)0.30
 Cardiogenic shock5780 (8)21,695 (6)<0.001
 Urinary tract infection13,457 (18)42,376 (13)<0.001
 Sepsis15,365 (21)51,674 (16)<0.001
 Pulmonary embolism2487 (3)16,110 (5)<0.001
 Myocardial infarction16,085 (22)65,577 (20)<0.001
 Unstable angina30 (0.04)242 (0.07)0.09
 Gastrointestinal bleeding4502 (6)16,805 (5)<0.001
 Stroke4394 (6)23,684 (7)<0.001
 Rib fracture362 (0.5)4861 (1.5)<0.001
 Pneumothorax974 (1.3)8344 (2.6)<0.001
 Cardiac tamponade231 (0.3)1513 (0.5)<0.01
 Persistent vegetative state136 (0.2)1384 (0.4)<0.001
 Withdrawal of care2530 (3.5)9159 (2.8)<0.004
In-hospital procedures
 Cardiac catheterization5995 (8)32,337 (10)<0.001
 Cerebral angiography231 (0.3)2037 (0.6)<0.001
 Percutaneous transluminal coronary angioplasty2370 (3)18,204 (5)<0.001
 Coronary artery bypass grafting1233 (1)6449 (2)0.02
 Valvular repair576 (1)2843 (1)0.30
 Valve replacement764 (1)3606 (1)0.50
 Intubation49,977 (69)204,283 (63)<0.001
 Tracheostomy245 (0.3)1438 (0.4)0.08
 Gastrostomy2130 (3)10,837 (3.5)0.01
 Blood transfusion16,570 (23)61,092 (19)<0.001
 Induced hypothermia336 (0.5)1713 (0.5)0.40
Length of stay, d, median (IQR)4 (1–9)4 (1–9)0.90
Hospital charges, United States dollars, median (IQR)47,285 (21,910–103,907)38,747 (17,520–87,877)<0.001
Discharge disposition
 Home/self-care7160 (10)44,359 (13)<0.001
 Discharge to a nursing facility10,359 (14.0)45,666 (14.8)0.01
 Unknown193 (0.2)983 (0.3)0.40
  • IQR, interquartile range.