Table 1.

Confirmed and suspected sites of heat stress-associated nephropathy (CKD)

CountryRegionReference
Confirmed Sites
 Central America
  Costa RicaGuanacasteWesseling et al. (39)
  El SalvadorBajo LempaOrantes et al. (45)
  GuatemalaSouthwest RegionLaux et al. (105)
  NicaraguaLeón and ChinandegaTorres et al. (36)
 South Asia
  IndiaAndhra PradeshReddy and Gunasekar (79), Abraham et al. (30)
  Sri LankaNorth Central RegionJayatilake et al. (72) Jayasumana et al. (106)
Possible Sites
 South Asia
  IndiaGoa, Odisha, and MaharashtraRajapurkar et al. (107)
  ThailandNortheast (Isan Region)Sirirat Anutrakulchai (personal communication)
 Middle East
  Saudi ArabiaTabuk regionEl Minshawy et al. (108)
 Africa
  EgyptEl-Minia, Upper EgyptEl Minshawy et al. (96)
  SudanSouthern SudanElamin et al. (109)
 North America
  MexicoTierra Blanco, VeracruzMendoza-González et al. (90)
  United StatesCalifornia Central ValleyMoyce et al. (93)