Table 4.

Hazard ratios for serious fall injuries among participants with CKD (n=2590)

Participant CharacteristicsMultivariable Hazard Ratio (95% Confidence Interval)
Age, yr
 <701 (reference)
 70–791.18 (0.90 to 1.53)
 ≥801.77 (1.31 to 2.40)
Women1.42 (1.13 to 1.78)
Black0.56 (0.42 to 0.73)
Geographic region
 Stroke Belt0.92 (0.73 to 1.17)
 Stroke Buckle1.11 (0.86 to 1.43)
 Other region1 (reference)
Less than a high school education1.13 (0.85 to 1.51)
Household income <$20,0001.09 (0.83 to 1.42)
Current smoker0.93 (0.64 to 1.35)
Coronary heart disease1.24 (1.00 to 1.55)
Diabetes mellitus1.66 (1.33 to 2.09)
Stroke1.25 (0.93 to 1.70)
Atrial fibrillation1.16 (0.89 to 1.52)
Body mass index, kg/m2
 <18.52.00 (1.16 to 3.46)
 18.5–24.91 (reference)
 ≥25.00.76 (0.60 to 0.96)
High–sensitivity C–reactive protein >3 mg/L1.47 (0.94 to 2.30)
Hypotension (systolic BP <110 mmHg)0.66 (0.42 to 1.05)
Use of antihypertensive medication0.89 (0.70 to 1.12)
Cognitive impairment1.21 (0.85 to 1.71)
Depressive symptoms1.53 (1.15 to 2.05)
Exhaustion1.10 (0.84 to 1.44)
Impaired mobility0.87 (0.67 to 1.13)
Self-reported fall in the prior year1.78 (1.34 to 2.37)
Use of psychoactive medication1.15 (0.89 to 1.49)
Polypharmacy (more than four medications)1.25 (0.94 to 1.66)